Department Of Cardiology
Cardiology is a branch of medicine that specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the heart, blood vessels, and circulatory system. These diseases include coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems, and heart failure. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.
Various kinds of Heart conditions to be treated include:
- Coronary artery disease: coronary artery disease is caused by plaque build-up in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits. Plaque build-up causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.
- Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure. The main types of cardiomyopathies include dilated hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.
- Cardiac arrhythmia: A heart arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat that occurs when electrical impulses in the heart don't work properly. The faulty signalling causes the heart to beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly.
- Cardiac arrest: Sudden cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness. In cardiac arrest, the heart abruptly stops beating. Without prompt intervention, it can result in the person's death. The main symptom is loss of consciousness and unresponsiveness
- Hypertension: It is a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. It is a long-term medical condition with a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease.
Diagnostic tests in cardiology include:
- Medical History and Auscultation
- Blood tests esp., for the Lipid profiling
- Electrophysiological procedures and cardiac imaging such as electrocardiogram, cardiac monitoring, cardiac stress testing, and the electrophysiology study.
Commonly used medical treatment for heart disease can include other than lifestyle treatment:
- Anticoagulants, or blood thinners that decrease the clotting ability of the blood, are used to treat certain blood vessel, heart, and heart rhythm conditions.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors expand blood vessels and decrease resistance by lowering levels of hormones that regulate blood pressure, allowing blood to flow through the body more easily.
- Beta-blockers work by slowing the heart rate down and decreasing the effects of adrenaline on the heart.
- Calcium channel blockers interrupt the movement of calcium into the cells of the blood vessels and heart. This medication can decrease the heart’s pumping strength and relax the blood vessels.
- Digitalis can help the heart contract harder when its pumping function has been weakened.
- Diuretics, also known as water pills, rid the body of excess fluids and sodium through urination, helping to relieve the heart’s workload.
- Cholesterol-lowering medicines, like statins, decrease levels of LDL (the “bad”) cholesterol in the blood.
Why choose us?
Kasturi Hospitals’s cardiology department helps patients prevent heart disease by changing their lifestyles and routines. We deal with the treatment, medical care, and diagnosis of simple as well as complex cardiac conditions such as coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, congenital heart defects, heart failure, valvular heart disease, etc. Our dedicated approach has been proven to provide maximum impact and maximum benefit from medications and all other forms of treatments provided.