Pediatrics is the area of medicine that deals with the well-being and medical treatment of newborns, young children, and teenagers from the age of birth to the age of 18. The Greek words "pais" (meaning "child") and "iatros" (meaning "doctor or healer") are combined to form the word "pediatrics," which means "healer of children." The father of pediatrics is regarded as Abraham Jacobi (1830–1919).
A pediatrician is a child's doctor who tells preventative health services to healthy children and medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill. A pediatrician oversees the physical, psychological, emotional and other health issues of the kids in their care at every stage of development, in good health as well as in illness.
A lot of pediatricians practice as primary care doctors. This kind of doctor conducts routine exams for health and fitness. They also provide immunizations, diagnose and treat a variety of general health concerns, and give young people and their parents or other caregivers sound medical advice.
Other doctors focus on treating particular diseases or age groups. These are some examples of pediatric subspecialties:
The care of adolescents, who range in age from 11 to 21, is the primary focus of adolescent medicine professionals.
Pediatricians that specialize in critical care work with groups of medical specialists who treat children with critical or unstable health conditions. These pediatricians typically operate in intensive care units located in hospitals.
Pediatricians that specialize in developmental behavior assessment gauge how kids and teenagers behave. Specialists in this area identify and treat young people's behavioral, learning, and developmental issues.
Pediatricians that specialize in treating child abuse have a particular education, experience, and knowledge required to determine whether a kid has ever been abused or neglected.
Oncologists who treat children with various forms of cancer are known as pediatric oncologists.
Pediatric cardiologists identify and manage different cardiac diseases in kids. When choosing the most effective treatment plans, many pediatric cardiologists consult with pediatric heart surgeons frequently.
Children with breathing problems and lung disorders are diagnosed, treated, and managed by paediatric pulmonologists.
Children and teenagers with musculoskeletal problems, such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and persistent pain, are treated by paediatric rheumatologists.
Pediatric nephrologists are experts in treating illnesses of the urinary system, such as kidney disease and urinary tract infections.
Pediatric neurologists diagnose, treat, and manage children's neurological conditions. Children who develop neurological disorders later in life may still have them. Pediatric neurologists supervise the treatment of their patients from the time of diagnosis into adolescence.
Pediatricians that specialize in neonatology and perinatal care treat newborns before, during, and after birth. They also care for newborns that are critically unwell and premature.
Pediatric gastroenterologists care and support for the digestive tract of children.
The endocrine system and the hormones it creates are their area of expertise as pediatric endocrinologists. Diabetes is one of several ailments that an endocrinologist can treat in kids.
Diseases & Conditions
The study of pediatrics strives to lessen baby and child mortality rates, stop the spread of infectious diseases, encourage healthy lifestyles for a long life free of
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