A human body is made up of 206 bones. Bones serve as a store house for calcium and phosphorus present in the body. They are mainly responsible for blood-cell production in the human body. Bones provide support and protection to the body. Any trauma or injury to bone often results in fractures. In simple words, tiny or large breaks in the bone are referred to as fractures. Pain and swelling are the major symptoms.
The treatment option focus to heal fracture without hampering the form and function of bones. The fractures caused by repetitive overuse or trauma are known as stress fractures. These fractures can be treated by both non-surgical and surgical treatment methods. It depends upon the severity of broken bones and type of bone affected. Surgery is often a successful treatment to correct fractures. The most common surgical procedure is internal fixation method. It is a minor surgical process. During surgery, a tiny cut is made at the affected site. Through this cut, metal implants are inserted. These implants are used to stabilize the damaged or broken bones. The metal implants include wires, plates, screws, and pins. These implants are attached to the bones to hold them in straight position. The incisions are then closed by stitches and dressing is applied over the wound.
The surgery takes about 1 hour to complete. Stiffness, pain and fatigue can be reduced by proper medications. They also focus to provide good and fast healing. In addition, doctor prescribes physical therapy plans to restore the normal bone functionality. Applying ice packs on the affected site provides relief from surgery discomfort. The surgery includes some complications such as irregular bone alignment, swelling, bleeding, and infection. The duration for recovery varies for every person accordingly. It may take 3 weeks to several months for bone to recover.