A human body often suffers from a variety of bone deformities. These deformities cause danger to the whole musculoskeletal system of the body. There exists several factors which result in bone deformities. The factors include abnormal childhood growth, congenital defect, fracture, bone diseases, and other metabolic disorders. The bone deformities also affect muscles or skin tissues of the body.
Bone deformity causes the affected part of the body to appear twisted or bended. In some people, the length of bone also varies. Pain, stiffness, and limping is noticed at that site. This condition hence severely affects the quality of a person’s life. The mobility and functionality of bones become limited.
The deformities vary for every person. The type, area and severity of bone deformity appear differently for different persons. Surgeries are often used to treat these deformities. A number of surgical techniques have been developed to correct the bone deformities. The most common surgery is corrective osteotomy. The osteotomy procedure uses either internal fixation or external fixation for stabilizing deformed bone. When the deformity is to be corrected all at once, then internal fixation is required. They uses metal implants inside the skin to fix the bones in proper alignment. In external fixation, the deformity is gradually corrected with time. This avoids stretching of soft tissues, blood vessels and nerves. The implants are attached outside the skin to hold the new bones. The surgery gets over in about 1 hour.
The post-surgery requires rest to the operated part. Intake of proper medications given by doctor is essential. It is also advised to place ice packs on the area to lower the swelling and pain. As heeling progresses, physical therapy is included in the recovery plan. Physical therapy comprises of activities which strengthens the muscles. Examples of such activities are walking, golf, or swimming. 1-2 month is the time required for bone to recover to normal position. Some risks such as infection, improper bone alignment, swelling, and blood-clots are included in the surgical treatment. This procedure is, however, minimally invasive and hence used world-wide.