Excessive pressure on the nerves of spine causes both leg and back pain. Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure to treat this condition. This surgery makes use of a tiny microscope to get a clear view of the disc and nerves of spine. The success rate of this surgery is greatly very high. The results of surgery lasts for a minimum of 10 years.
Prior to surgery, special tests and examination on patient are done to detect severity in spinal condition. After proper analysis, the best treatment is selected. If disc is severely damaged, then microdiscectomy is usually used as the treatment procedure. In the beginning of surgery, specific anesthesia is given to the patient to numb the surgery site. In the mid-line of the lower back, a small incision is made. A tiny microscope inserted through this incision gives a clear image of the damaged disc. Small surgical tools are used to move out the torn spine muscles. A portion of inside facet joint is also removed. The nerve root is then aligned aside and damaged disc material is cleared out. Wound is stitched or closed using proper sutures.
Probably, an overnight stay in hospital is required after surgery. The doctor prescribes useful drugs and antibiotics to relief surgical discomforts. Walking is encouraged for fast recovery. The doctor mainly suggests a proper rehabilitation program. Simple exercises and physical therapy are included in this program. The spine completely recovers in 1-2 months.
The microdiscectomy surgery often consists of some risks:
- Damage to spinal cord or nerves
- Intense pain
- Swelling and stiffness in disc area