Herniated or damaged disc often does not require surgery. They are treated well by non-surgical methods. However, in some patients, the symptoms of herniated disc are very much noticeable. Intense pain is felt in the back. The surgery for torn disc gives relief from severe pain. It restores the normal range of motion and function of disc.
The symptoms of the patient are closely examined to determine the best surgery option. In all surgical procedures available, the patient is kept under general anesthesia before surgery. The different surgical procedures available are:
Discectomy is an effective surgical process to treat herniated disc. It mainly focuses on spinal cord or nerve root. Over the center of the back, a small incision is made. An small arthroscope is inserted through the incision. Specialized materials are attached to the arthroscope. These materials remove the damaged bone and ligaments from spinal back. The surgery takes about 1-2 hours.
- Percutaneous discectomy
The bulging discs are mainly treated with percutaneous discectomy surgery. This procedure is not much effective to treat completely ruptured disc. In this surgery, a small tool inserted from the spinal back is used to remove damaged tissues. As a result, the size of herniated disc is reduced. Being less effective, this method is rarely used now.
- Laminotomy and laminectomy
Age related changes often cause pressure on the spinal nerve root and spinal cord. These pressure are mainly relieved using two procedures- Laminotomy and Laminectomy. The spinal cord is covered with a protective arch or covering. Laminotomy aims to remove a thin portion of this protective cover. In laminectomy, the complete spinal cord covering is removed. In addition, it also clears out the thickened tissue which narrows the spinal canal.
After-surgery it is best to stay in hospital for 1-2 days. Pain-killers are recommended to relieve pain and other surgery discomforts. Applying ice packs on the operated part also enhance healing. Proper rest is essential. Pressure should not be put on the affected part. It can worsen the condition of spine. Use simple physical therapies along with rest to strengthen the tissues and muscles. The spine recovers from injury in 3-4 months.
The possible risks in disc surgery are:
- Bending in spine
- Difficulty in walking
- Nerve and ligaments injury