Just like adults, children are also affected by arthritis condition. The arthritis condition in children is termed as juvenile arthritis. The juvenile arthritis comes in different forms. It can be juvenile idiopathic arthritis , juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, etc. This condition causes pain, stiffness, limited range of motion, and swelling at the affected joint area. Juvenile arthritis is mainly an autoimmune disorder and a result of genetic problem.
The diagnosis of juvenile arthritis is little difficult. Lab tests, physical exam, x-rays, MRI scan , etc are done to confirm this disorder. These tests help to detect joint severity and presence of any other defects. In treatment procedure, the physical activeness of the child is a primary concern. Doctors mainly prescribe medicines and exercises to maintain joint movement. These methods help greatly to reduce pain and inflammation. The exercises focus to improve muscle strength and joint flexibility. The results from these methods are almost successful.
In early stages of juvenile arthritis, surgery is rarely used in children. Surgery is opted only in severe joint disorder. Mainly used surgeries are joint replacement surgery and fusion surgery. In joint replacement surgery, an artificial joint called prosthesis, is used to replace the damaged joint. The prosthesis is capable of taking over the functions of original joint. Fusion surgery aims to permanently hold the joint in a fixed position. Both the surgeries provide improved joint motion and relief from symptoms.
Post-surgery requires complete joint rest. Pressure on the operated site can worsen joint movement. It is necessary to clean the wound everyday and change dressing over the wound. After progressive healing, simple physical exercises are included to regain the joint strength and mobility. The joint almost recovers in 3-4 months. The surgery includes certain risks such as infection, bleeding, blood-clots, and pain.