Bone and joint infections management

An infection in any part of child’s body can greatly affect overall bones and joints. The infection is mainly caused by bacterium. The chances of infection are increased with diabetes, intravenous drugs, and trauma. Pus is generally produced from the affected bones. In severe cases, an abscess or pocket of pus is generated. Other symptoms include fever, nausea, and redness around infected bone.

Bone-and-joint-infections-managementThe diagnosis involves different tests such as physical examination, bone scan, blood cultures, bone lesion biopsy and MRI scan. All these tests help to view a clear picture of bones and determine infection in it. According t the test reports, the required treatment procedure is selected. It mainly depends upon the doctor-child patience.

The basic treatment procedure involves intake of proper medications to destroy the infection causing bacteria. The medications can be given orally or with the help of injections. Most commonly used medications are non-steroidal ant-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, and corticosteroid injections. If medications does not improve the symptoms, then surgery is chosen. During surgery, surgical instruments are used to remove damaged bone tissue. Sometimes, artificial tissues are used to replace the torn tissue. The surgery usually takes about 1 hour.

If surgery is done, then proper rehabilitation program is necessary. The program includes rest, cold pack therapy, simple exercises, and lifestyle modification. All these methods tend to improve the overall fitness and muscle strength. The risks included in surgery are excessive bleeding, acute pain and swelling, stiffness, and infection. The body usually recovers in about 2-3 months.

 

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