Any damage to the tendons or muscles of the shoulder limits its movement. It becomes very painful to use shoulder for any function. This shoulder condition is treated using rotator cuff repair surgery. Non-surgical methods can also be used but in severe cases they fail to improve symptoms.
Shoulder arthroscopy is the common procedure used to correct shoulder deformities. The patient is kept under local or general anesthesia before surgery is performed. The surgeon makes 1-3 small-sized incisions on the shoulder. This helps to insert arthroscope along with surgical tools. The camera in the arthroscope provides clear images of the tendons, cartilage, and ligaments of shoulder. Using proper instruments, the torn tissues and bone spur are removed. Dissolvable sutures are used to stitch the torn tendon back to the bone. Afterwards, the incision is closed with proper sutures. Dressing is then applied over the operated site. The surgery is over in about 1-2 hours.
The patient can taken about 3-6 months for shoulder recovery. The recovery time, however, depends upon the type of tear. A sling is required to be wore in the shoulder for 4-6 weeks. The sling holds the shoulder in fixed position. Medications are used to manage pain after surgery. Physical therapy program helps to make shoulder more mobile and flexible. Within few weeks, the shoulder starts to perform normal daily activities.
The risks involved with rotator cuff repair surgery are:
- Breathing problems
- Tissues or nerve damage
- Reaction to anesthesia