Meniscal tears is a common injury affecting the normal knee movement. The damage can vary both in size and severity in different patients. In moderate cases, non-surgical methods are sufficient to correct the damage. However, if condition becomes severe, surgical repair becomes essential.
Prior to operation, the patient is tested for any health allergies. Anesthesia, which best suites the patient, is given in accurate measurement. A tiny cut is created in the knee. A arthroscope along with camera is infused into the joint. The camera gives a clear view of the knee damage, which further helps in operating it. A few incisions are also made to insert surgical tools through it. These tools are useful to cut down or repair the affected area. In some cases, the whole meniscus is torn out or damaged. Metal implants are used to support the repaired joint. With time, these implants are absorbed by the body itself. Bandages are applied over the operated area.
The time required for surgery to get over is about 1 hour. The patient leaves the hospital on the same day of surgery. A cast or brace is kept over the knee to provide proper balance. To regain the lost knee functionality and mobility, physical therapy is used. These include specific exercises which enhance healing and fastens recovery. It takes about 3-4 months for full knee recovery.
The risks included in this surgery are:
- Irregular knee
- Limited knee movement