Key hole surgeries are becoming popular these days. These surgeries are successful to diagnose and correct disorders. The common name for such surgery is arthroscopic surgery. Knees, shoulders, ankles, elbows and wrist are now mostly treated with arthroscopic surgery. It is mainly a safe procedure than usual open surgery.
Arthroscopic surgery is done under the effect of local or general anesthesia. The arthroscopic surgery makes use of a small metal tube called arthroscope. Inside the arthroscope is place a small light source and a camera. During surgery, a tiny incision is made near the affected joint. Through this incision, the arthroscope is inserted. The arthroscope collects the images of joints and sends them to a video camera placed outside. These images help the doctor to view the joint and hence treat it. A few tiny incisions are also made to insert examining probe and surgical instruments. These tools repairs or removes the affected part. After surgery, stitches are often not used to close the incisions. This is because the incisions are very small in size. A sterile dressing is used to cover the wound.
The patient can leave the hospital on the same day of the surgery. Hot and cold therapy is useful to reduce pain and swelling. Medications also help to relief surgery discomforts. As healing progresses, physical therapies are included in the recovery plan. These therapies and simple exercises provide strength to muscles and tissues of affected area. As a result, a fast recovery is achieved. The patient usually takes 1-2 months to fully recover from arthroscopic surgery.
The arthroscopic procedure includes some rare risks:
- Damage to nearby blood-vessels and nerves
- Excessive bleeding
- Numbness or tingling at the operated area