Arthroscopic debridement is a key hole surgery which mainly aims to remove damaged bone or cartilage. This procedure uses a saline solution to wash away the debris in the body. It is a minor outpatient surgery which treats acute or chronic pain. The arthroscopic debridement surgery is quite effective to treat severe osteoarthritis condition. The treatment does not just focus on knee but also corrects deformities in other parts of the body.
The patient is placed under the effect of local or general anesthesia. In the arthroscopic debridement surgery, three small incisions are made around the affected region. Through one of the incisions, a flexible fiber-optic arthroscopic tube is inserted. At one end of this tube is placed a lighted camera. This camera gives a clear of the damaged part to an outside video monitor. Some other surgical instruments are also attached to arthroscope to help during surgery. The other incisions are helpful to increase the flexibility. The surgical tools repair the torn tissues. At the end of the surgery, stitches are used to cover the incisions. Proper bandages or dressing is then applied over the operated area.
Following the surgical procedure, the patient is recommended to rest for a few weeks. This gives time for the wound to heal properly. The pain and swelling experienced after surgery are lowered using proper medications and physical therapy. Simple exercises in therapy program enhances the healing procedure. The therapy includes stretching and strengthening exercises such as walking. These programs encourage the patient to return to normal life. The patient may recover and return to work in 2-3 months.
The possible risks included are:
- Excessive blood loss
- Nerve damage
- Abnormal joint
- Reaction to anesthesia