Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition of arthritis. It mainly affects the tendons and joints in the body. Once started in any joints in the body, it usually spreads to other parts as well. The affected joints often look red, swollen and experiences severe pain. The treatment plan is designed in such a way which reduces joint disability and damage.
Like osteoarthritis, no treatment has been detected to completely cure rheumatoid arthritis. The diagnosis of this condition is confirmed by analyzing the blood test and x-ray reports of the patient. Every person respond differently to treatment procedures. The treatment methods include:
Doctors use different medicines to depending upon the severity of condition. Some medications help to limit the symptoms while some provide temporary relief from these symptoms. The medications include painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs), and injections.
- Physical therapy
Physical therapies are used in addition with medications. They aim to increase the muscle and joint strength. They restore the lost mobility and flexibility of affected joint. Some of the exercises included are walking, swimming, etc.
- Surgical treatments
The different surgical methods are categorized as follow:
? This surgical method aims to remove or replace only the affected part of the joint. The recovery period depends upon the part operated.
? The arthroscopy method makes use of a thin tube to completely remove the inflamed joint tissue. The recovery is fast in this type of surgery.
- Joint replacement
In joint replacement surgery, the entire damaged joint is replaced with a new one. The new joint lasts for about 20 years.
Depending upon the type of surgery, the recovery time varies for everyone. The patient is required to have proper rest along with application of cold therapy. These methods help to relieve pain and swelling at the operated part. After progressive healing, the doctor introduces a rehabilitation program. This program includes activities which builds joint strength and confidence. Some of the risks of surgery are infection, excessive bleeding, pain, and blood-clots.