Infective arthritis is a chronic form of joint arthritis caused by germ infection. The germ causing infection can be a virus, bacterium or fungus. Infective arthritis affects both larger and smaller joints. The number of joints infected vary according to the severity of infection. It commonly affects people with severe kidney disorder, sickle-cell anaemia, less immunity, alcoholism, and diabetes. The symptoms depend upon the kind of germ causing infection. The common symptoms include fever, chills, body-ache, and redness.
As infective arthritis is not a lost-term illness, so effective treatment provides permanent cure in minimum time. In initial stages, proper drugs or antibiotics are prescribed by doctor to kill infection causing germs. It may be given orally or with the help of injections. Intake of entire drug course is essential for proper curing. Viral infections, however, do not require medications.
Surgery is sometimes also used to ease the symptoms of infection. The surgery used is synovial fluid drainage. It is a type of arthroscopic surgery. In this procedure, a small tube is used to drain out the infectious fluid from the body. In rare cases, surgery is used to remove or replace the affected joint.
? In the course of treatment, proper rest is essential. Applying heat and cold packs alternatively on the affected joint is beneficial. This method reduces pain and other infectious discomforts. Simple exercises are also helpful to maintain range of motion. Some risks which should be considered are spreading of infection to other parts, useful fluid drainage, pain, and stiffness.