Preeclampsia results in a pregnancy complication which is characterized by high blood pressure & signs of damage to another organ system, usually to the kidneys. Preeclampsia generally starts after 20 weeks of the pregnancy in woman whose blood pressure was been normal. Even a minute increase in the blood pressure can be a symptom of preeclampsia. Preeclampsia can lead to serious issue, even fatal complications for both you & your baby if it was untreated. If you have preeclampsia, the only cure is to deliver your baby. Preeclampsia may affect at least 5-8% of the pregnancy women.
Mild preeclampsia: High blood pressure, water retention, & protein in the urine.
Severe preeclampsia:Inability to tolerate the bright light, headaches, blurred vision, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, urination will be small amounts, pain in upper right abdomen, shortness of the breath & tendency to bruise easily. Contact doctor immediately if you are experiencing blurred vision, severe headaches,abdominal pain, and urinating very infrequently.
At every prenatal checkup your doctor will check up your blood pressure & will order for the blood tests & urine test which will show if you are suffering with preecclampsia. Your doctor may also do other type of tests which includes: checking kidney & blood – clotting functions, ultrasound scan to check babys growth & doppler scan was done to measure efficiency of the blood flow to the placenta.
Treatment is based on how close you are to your delivery date. If you were close to your due date & the baby is developed enough, your doctor will probably want to deliver baby as soon as possible.