A PFD may occur when the pelvic muscles & connective tissue weaken or they are injured. The most common kinds of PFDs are following:

  • Urinary incontinence or lack of bladder control
  • Fecal incontinence or lack of bowel control
  • Pelvic organ prolapse, a situation in which the uterus, bladder & bowel can “drop” onto the vagina & cause a bulge by the vaginal canal


People with pelvic floor disorders will experience:

  • Urinary problems, like an urgent need to urinate, painful urination or incomplete of emptying their bladder
  • Constipation, straining or pain during bowel movements
  • Pain or pressure in vagina or rectum
  • A heavy feeling in pelvis or a bulge in vagina or rectum
  • Muscle spasms in pelvis


Childbirth is one of the key causes of the pelvic floor disorders. A womans risk changes to increase more times she has given birth.

Women who are suffering with overweight or obese also have greater risk for the pelvic floor disorders.

Having previously pelvic surgery or radiation treatments also may cause these disorders. For example, these treatments may damage the nerves & other tissues in pelvic floor.

Other factors which can increase the risk that includes repeated heavy lifting or even genes.


A physical exam can be all which is needed to do diagnose for PFD.

Based on the results from the physical exam or the severity of the symptoms, tests can be performed.Some tests which are used to help with the diagnosis or with the treatment planning that includes:

  • Anal manometry
  • Cystoscopy
  • Dynamic defecography
  • Endoanal ultrasound


Many women wont need any sort of treatment for their PFD. Even though, treatment can usually help when the symptoms are bothersome or restricts womans activities.In this connection, women can take appropriate actions on their own or along with the treatment to help to reduce or ease the symptoms.