Ovarian cysts are a fluid-filled sacs or pockets inside or on the surface of an ovary. Women have 2 ovaries which are located on each side of uterus. Eggs (ova) develop & mature in ovaries & are released in monthly cycles during childbearing years.

Most of the women will have ovarian cysts at some of the time during their lives. Most ovarian cysts will present little or no discomfort & are harmless. The majority of the cysts will be disappears without taking any treatment within some months.

Other types of cysts include:

  • Polycystic ovaries: Inpolycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS), the follicles which the eggs are normally mature fail to open & cysts form.
  • Endometriosis: In women who are havingendometriosis, tissue from the lining of uterus will grows in other areas of body. This includes ovaries. It will be very painful & can also affect fertility.
  • Cystadenomas: These cysts form out of the cells on surface of the ovary. They are usually fluid-filled.
  • Dermoid cysts: This kind of cyst may contain tissue which is similar to that in other parts of body. Which includesskin,hair & teeth.


Usually, ovarian cysts wont cause any symptoms. Even though, symptoms may appear as the cyst grows gradually. Symptoms which includes:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Pelvic pain before or during menstrual cycle
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain from lower back or thighs
  • Breast tenderness
  • Nausea & vomiting

Severe symptoms of ovarian cyst which requires immediate medical attention include:

  • Severe or sharp pelvic pain
  • Fever
  • Faintness or dizziness
  • Rapid breathing

These symptoms will indicate a ruptured cyst or ovarian torsion. Both these complications may have serious consequences on health if they are not treated properly and early.


Imaging tools were used to diagnose ovarian cysts include:

  • CT scan: A body imaging device which is used to create a cross-sectional images of internal organs
  • MRI: A test which uses magnetic fields to produce in-depth pictures of internal organs
  • Ultrasound Device: An imaging device which is used to visualize the ovary


Your doctor will recommend for the treatment to shrink or remove the ovarian cyst if it does not go away on its own or if it grows bigger.