Genital warts are soft growths which occur on the genitals. Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is caused by certain strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). These skin growths may cause pain, discomfort & itching. They are particularly dangerous for the women because some kinds of HPV may also cause cancer of the cervix & vulva.
Genital warts are not always visible to human eye. They will be very small & flesh-colored or slightly darker. The top of the growths will be resemble like a cauliflower & may feel smooth or slightly bumpy to touch.
Genital warts on males may appear:
- On the penis
- On the scrotum
- On the groin
- On the thighs
- Inside or around the anus
Genital warts in females will appear on:
- The inside of vagina or anus
- The outside of vagina or anus
- The cervix
Genital warts will also appear on the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat of the person who already has oral sex contact with already infected person.
Even if you cant see genital warts, they can still causes the symptoms such as bleeding, vaginal discharge, burning and itching. If the genital warts spread or becomes enlarged, the condition will become more painful & uncomfortable.
The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes warts. There were more than 40 different strains of HPV which specifically affect the genital area. Genital HPV will be spread through sexual contact. In most of the cases, immune system will kills the genital HPV & you wont develop any signs or symptoms of the infection.
Because it is usually difficult to detect genital warts, doctor may apply a mild acetic acid solution to the genitals to whiten any warts. Then, he or she can view them by a special magnifying instrument, called as colposcope. Pap & HPV test are also needs to be done to diagnose genital warts.
If your warts are not causing any discomfort, you wont need any treatment. But if they are causing symptoms which includes pain, itching or burning or if the visible warts will cause emotional distress, doctor will help you to clear an outbreak with the medications or surgery. Even though, the lesions are most likely to come back after the treatment.