GDM generally starts between 24& 28week of pregnancy when the body doesnt produce enough insulin hormone (the hormone which helps to convert sugar into form of energy) to deal with increased glucose, or sugar, that is circulating in your blood to help baby grow. One of the most natural and common pregnancy complications. While the potential complications from untreated GDM were most serious, the condition is easily managed & as long as it is diagnosed early & well controlled, it is not harmful to you or your baby.
In some women, hormones from placenta block the hormones called insulin which is produced in the pancreas which regulates the body’s metabolism of fats & carbohydrates & helps body to turn sugar into form of energy, resulting in high glucose levels. This will cause hyperglycemia (or high levels of sugar in blood), which will damage the nerves, blood vessels & organs in your body.
Most women who are having gestational diabetes have no symptoms, even though a few may experience the following symptoms:
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent & very copious urination (distinguished from the also frequent but generally lighturination of the early pregnancy)
- Fatigue (which will be difficult to differentiate from the normal pregnancy fatigue
Diagnosed by performing blood sugar testing
Diet & exercise are usually enough to control the gestational diabetes but if they are not in control for that, your doctor will suggest you to take supplementary of insulin to control it. It will be given in shots and oral drug is also an option.