Fibroids are the most commonly seen tumors of the female reproductive system. Fibroids, also called as uterine myomas, fibromas or leiomyomas are firm, compact tumors which are made of smooth muscle cells & fibrous connective tissue which develops in the uterus. It was estimated that between 20 – 50 % of women of reproductive age are having fibroids, even though not all are diagnosed. Some estimates state that up to 30 – 77 % of women may have the chance of developing fibroids during their childbearing years, even though only about 1/3rd of these fibroids are large enough to detect by doctor during a physical examination.
It is not evidently known what are the specific cause of the fibroids, it was believed that each tumor develops from an aberrant muscle cell in uterus, which multiplies gradually because of the influence of the estrogen.
Some women who are having fibroids have no symptoms, or have only some mild symptoms, while other women will have more severe, disruptive symptoms. The given symptoms are the most common symptoms of the uterine fibroids. Even though each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms of uterine fibroids may include:
- Heavy or prolonged type of menstrual periods
- Abnormal bleeding in between menstrual periods
- Pelvic pain (caused as the tumor presses on the pelvic organs)
- Frequent urination(In large fibroids)
- Low back pain
- Afirm mass, usually located near the middle of pelvis, which can be felt by the doctor
Fibroids are most commonly found during the routine pelvic examination. In addition to a complete medical history & physical & pelvic and/or abdominal examination, diagnostic methods for uterine fibroids may include:
Transvaginal ultrasound also called as ultrasonography, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Hysterosalpingography, Hysteroscopy, Endometrial biopsy.
TREATMENT FOR FIBROIDS:
Most fibroids stop growing or may even shrink as woman approaches to menopause stage, thedoctormay also simply suggest “watchful waiting.” With this method, thedoctormonitors the woman’s symptoms carefully to ensure that there were no significant changes or developments & that the fibroids are not growing.