Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which the healthy cells on the cervix will undergo some sort of abnormal changes. The cervix is positioned at the lower part of the uterus that leads into the vagina. Cervix dilates during childbirth to allow the fetus to pass through it. In cervical dysplasia, the abnormal cells are not cancerous, but they develop into cancer cells if it is not detected & treated early.
Cervical dysplasia was affected and caused by a common virus called ashuman papilloma virus, or HPV. HPV was a sexually transmitted virus. There were hundreds of strains of the HPV. Some are of low-risk & cause genital warts, & others are at high-risk these causes cell changes which can turn into cervical dysplasia & cancer.
Because a pelvic exam is usually normal in the women who are suffering from cervical dysplasia, a pap test is required to diagnose this condition.
Even though a Pap test alone cannot identify the mild, moderate, or severe cervical dysplasia, additional tests are generally required to determine the exact follow-up & treatment. These include:
- Repeat pap tests
- Colposcopy, a magnified examination of cervix done to detect the abnormal cells so thatbiopsiescan also be taken
- Endocervical curettage, a technique to check for the abnormal cells which are present in the cervical canal
- Cone biopsy or loop electrosurgical excision technique (LEEP), which was done to rule out the invasivecancer during cone biopsy, the surgeon will remove a cone-shaped piece of tissue to send for lab examination. During LEEP, surgeon will cut out abnormal tissue with the help of a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop.
- HPVDNA test, which is done to identify the HPV strains which are causatives of cervical cancer.
Treatment of the cervical dysplasia based on the severity of the condition. Mild dysplasia wont require any treatment because it can resolve without treatment. Repeat pap smears should be performed for every 3 – 6 months. For CIN II or III, treatment includes:
- Cryosurgery, that will freezes the abnormal cells
- Laser therapy
- Loop electrosurgical excision method, or LEEP, by using the electricity to remove the affected tissue
- Cone biopsy, in which a cone-shaped piece of cervix was removed where the abnormal tissue