Adenomyosisis a condition where the inner lining of the uterus called as endometrium breaks through the muscle wall of uterus called as the myometrium. Adenomyosis may causes menstrualcramps, lower abdominal pressure, &bloatingbefore the menstrual periods & can also results inheavy periods. This condition can be located by the whole uterus or localized in only one spot. Though adenomyosis was considered as a benign (not life-threatening) condition, the frequent pain & heavy bleeding related with it may have a negative impact on the woman’s quality of life.
Sometimes, adenomyosis is silent causing no signs or symptoms or only mildly uncomfortable. In some other cases, adenomyosis can cause:
- Prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding
- Severe cramping or sharp pelvic pain during the menstruation (dysmenorrhea)
- Menstrual cramps which last throughout the period & worsen as getting older
- Painful intercourse
- Blood clots which pass during periods
Your uterus may get bigger. Even though you wont notice that your uterus is enlarged, you may also notice that the lower abdomen seems enlarged or bigger or feels tender.
The accurate cause of the adenomyosis is unknown. Even though, there are some factors which put women at greater risk for this condition. These include:
- Being in 40s or 50s (before menopause)
- Having children
- Having or already had uterine surgery, like cesarean delivery or surgery to remove the fibroids
A complete medical evaluation will helps to determine the correct choice of the treatment. Doctor initially wants to determine if the uterus is swollen by a physical examination. Many women suffering with adenomyosis will have a uterus which is double or triple than normal size.
Other tests can also be used. An ultrasound will help your doctor to diagnose the condition, while also eliminating out the possibility of the tumors on uterus.Doctor may also order for an MRI scan to get a clearer picture of uterus if they are unable to make a diagnosis by using an ultrasound.
Treatment for adenomyosis will based on your symptoms, their severity, & whether you have completed your childbearing. Mild symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter painmedications & the usage of the heating pad to ease the cramps.