Endoscopic spine surgery is a kind of state of the art surgery that uses tiny incision or small tubular system to visualize the inside of body with the help of endoscope. Endoscopic spine surgery is also known as Minimally Invasive spine surgery that provides spine surgery with less pain and quick recovery in comparison to traditional spine surgery.
Endoscopic spine surgery conserves normal spine mobility as the spine is not fused with screws and rods in the surgery. The surgery takes maximum one hour to complete and patient can get backs after few hours of surgery depending on the condition. The surgeon gains access to the vertebrae by placing a series of tubes in order to minimize interruption to muscles and tissue during endoscopic spine surgery. Endoscopic spine procedures are generally performed in an outpatient setting or 23 hour stay.
During an endoscopic procedure, the spine surgeon makes a small incision through which a guided wire is inserted. The guide wire is used to locate the damaged disc level. A fluoroscope (specially designed X-ray machine) is used to ensure the correct path is made to the affected disc. The surgeon will next use a number of dilating tubes placed over the guide wire to move apart the tissue to the vertebrae. A small camera and special surgical light are used to view through the tube. Surgical instruments are used gain access to the spinal canal and move away soft tissue and bone. The tubular retractor is removed at the end of the endoscopic spine procedure and allows the tissue to enclose the surgery area.